Nuwara Eliya  District Profile
a.         Location and Area

 

 

The Nuwara Eliya is situated in the Central Province of Sri Lanka.  The extent of this area is 554 mile square (1437 meter square). The Kandy, Badulla and Ratnapura districts are the boundary of this District and belongs to various geographical and climatic conditions

 b.         Boundaries

North                         : Kandy         

East                          : Badulla         

South & South West   :Ratnapura         

West & North West    :Kegalle          

  c.         Administrative Division

T

Nuwara Eliya District is divided in to Divisional Secretariat Divisions and their activities are coordinated and supervised by the  Nuwara Eliya District Secretariat.

 Table 2.9 - Extent, Number of GN Divisions and Villages in each Division

Division

Sq. km.

GN Divisions

Villages

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

 

e.         Local Government Units

Nuwara Eliya district consist of 8 local authorities consisting of 1 municipal council, 2 urban councils and 5 Pradeshiya Sabhas.

Names of Local Government units

Municipal Council

Nuwara Eliya 

Urban Councils

Thalawakele Lindula

Hatton Dickoya 

Pradeshiya Sabha

Nuwara Eliya

Ambagamuwa

Kothmala

Hanguranketha

Walapane

f.          Physical Features

Nuwara Eliya is a mountain station at 1,868 m (6,128 ft) of altitude, in a splendid landscape. The city boasts of being particularly well-kept and neat, and the always green grass gives to the locality an aspect of “colonial British style".

Nuwara Eliya was built entirely during the 19th century and its architecture mimics that of an English country town, with red-brick walls, country house like hill club and mock-Tudor half-timbering

 h.         Forest

The extent of the forest in the District is as follows                           In Hectares. 

 i.          Climate and Rainfall

Climate and Rainfall

Blessed with salubrious climate, breathtaking views of valleys, meadows, mountains and greenery; it's hard to imagine that Nuwara Eliya is only 180 Km from the hot and humid Colombo. Temperatures are 14C-21C (Jan- April) 16C-18C (May-Aug) 15C- 18C (Sept-Dec).

The Nuwara Eliya District receives rain from

1. South West monsoon rainfall
2. North East monsoon rainfall
3. Middle monsoon rainfall

The largest amount of rainfall is received from the North East Monsoon

1

Annual Rainfall in Selected Areas and seasonal pattern

North East Monsoon (Nov-Feb)

Inter Monsoon -01(Feb-Apr)

South West Monsoon (May- Sep)

Inter Monsoon – 02 (Oct-Nov)

 

         

 

         

 

         

4

   

 

   
   
   

 

   

 Table 2.10 - Temperature in Nuwara Eliya  District in o C         

Month

Years

1961 - 1990

Average

2007

Highest          Lowest

2006

Highest                 Lowest

January

         

February

         

March

         

April

         

May

         

June

         

July

         

August

         

September

         

October

         

November

         

December

         

Average

         

 k.         Population

The population is a mixture of Sinhalese, Tamil and the Moors. Many tea plantation workers are Indian Tamils, brought over to Sri Lanka by the British in the 19th century.

Table 2.3 - Division vise Population according to age

 

Division

Under 18 years

Over 18 years

Total Population

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

 Table 2.4 - Division vise Demographic Details 

Name of the Division

2001 Estimated

No. of families

Population

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

Source: Department of Census and Statistics

 

Table 2.5 – Population Details by ethnicity  

Sinhala

Tamil

Indian Tamil

Muslim

Malay

Burgher

Other

Total

       

 

     

Source: Dept. of Census and Statistics

 Table 2.6 - Percentage Distribution of Population (10 years and over) by Literacy

And Sex (1981 Census)

 

Literacy

Total %

Sex

M

F

Literate

68.3

74.4

61.9

Illiterate

31.7

25.6

38.1

Total

100

100

100

Source:

l.          Social Structure

 

 m.        Health

 

 n.         Education

 

 

 Table 2.7 - Number of schools

Division

National schools

Grade 1 A&B

Grade

1  C

Grade

2

Grade

3

Total

             
             
             
             
             

 

 Table 2.8 - Students studying in GCE (AL) Classes

 

 

Science

Arts

Commerce

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

No.

                 

%

                 

 o.         Economy

 

 Agriculture

 

Table 2.11 - Extent of Paddy Cultivation in 2005/ 2006 

Total No. of Lots

Less than ½ acre

½ - 1 acre

1 – 5 acres

More than 5 acres

         
         

Table 2.11 - Cultivated Extent of Paddy – Irrigation Pattern

 

Year

 

No. of Lots

Cultivated Extent in Acres

Total

Major Irrigation

Minor Irrigation

Rain fed

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 q.         Infrastructure

 i.          Transportation

 

Table 2.14 - Infrastructure – Details of the Road Network

 

Grade

Tarred

Gravel

Total

A

     

B

     

C

     

D

     

Municipal, UC and  Pradeshiya Sabha Roads

     

Total

     

             Table 2.15 - Infrastructure – Details of Consumers of Electricity

2007

 

Domestic

 

Religious

 

Business

 

Industries

 

Total

 

 

 Table 2.16 - Infrastructure – Details of Consumers of pipe borne water

                                                                                               

2007

 

Domestic

 

Religious

 

Business

 

Industries

 

Total

 

 r.         Industry

Table 2.1 - Other functional areas at a Glance

 

9

Number of Police Stations               

 

  10

Number of General Hospitals (TH)

 

Number of Base Hospitals

 

Number of District Hospitals

 

Number of Division Hospitals

 

Number of Private Hospitals

 

Number of Peripheral units

 

Number of Rural Hospitals

 

Number of Central Dispensaries

 

13

No. of houses in the district

 

14

No of Post Offices

 

Special Grade

 

A Grade

 

B Grade

 

Sub Post Offices

 

Agency Post Offices

 

18

No of housing units

 

20

No of rivers

 

22

Banks

 

 

s.          Hazards

 

t.          Development